To make a career in sonography, you must first know how to become a sonographer. A sonographer is a caring and compassionate medical professional. These individuals assist patients during their ultrasonic imaging procedures. In today’s post, I will tell you how to become a sonographer in Texas, California, Australia, and Maryland. There are several opportunities in this diagnostic medical sonography. Here, you’ll get to know the types of sonography, duties, and skills required to become a certified sonographer. You’ll definitely get a clear idea if this is the right career path for you. Let us now check out how to become a sonographer in-depth.

How To Become A Sonographer?

Follow these steps to know how to become a sonographer.

Step 1: Complete Sonography Certification Program

Step 2: Complete Associate Degree

Step 3: Complete Bachelor’s Degree

Step 4: Obtain Clinical Experience

Step 5: Get Certification

Step 6: Choose A Specialty

Step 7: Apply For A Job

Sonographers are the most valued and important members of a medical team. The entire process of becoming a sonographer is pretty long. Without wasting much time, let’s find out how to become a sonographer in detail.

Step-By-Step Guide To Become A Sonographer

In this section, I will explain the entire process of becoming a certified sonographer.

Step 1: Complete Sonography Certification Program

Aspiring candidates can attend a certification program in sonography. This program can be completed through a vocational school or community college. On average, these programs take 12 to 18 months to complete. It even includes a combination of classroom and clinical education requirements.

Step 2: Complete Associate Degree

Next, you can apply for an associate’s degree in diagnostic medical sonography. This option is best suitable for students who want to enter this field immediately without completing a four-year degree program. Some recruiters may ask you to complete your bachelor’s degree. So, make sure you do consider this point while completing your education.

Keep on reading to know how to become a sonographer in Oklahoma

Step 3: Complete Bachelor’s Degree

What to major in to become a sonographer? You can also pursue a four-year degree course instead of an associate degree. But make sure that the bachelor’s degree program you enroll in is a CAAHEP-accredited program. This degree program for diagnostic medical sonography will cover topics in health science, mathematics, and medical technology. In fact, this coursework will also provide hands-on practice.

Step 4: Obtain Clinical Experience

Building up your clinical and hands-on experience is very essential in this field. You can also enroll in an internship to get experience working with patients. This setting will help you to develop your interpersonal and communication skills. It even helps you to enhance your medical and technical skills too. This is the most important step you’ve to master in this job profile. 

Step 5: Get Certification

Most recruiters ask their candidates to complete a certification in diagnostic medical sonography. So, you can obtain Registered Diagnostic Medical Sonographer (RDMS) credential before specializing in any field of sonography. The American Registry of Radiologic Technologists (ARRT) also offers several other certifications for sonographers. This includes the Registered Diagnostic Cardiac Sonographer, Registered Vascular Technologist, and Registered in Musculoskeletal certifications. Make sure you take and pass a certification exam to obtain your certification.

Step 6: Choose A Specialty

Once you get your degree and certification, you can pursue a career in a specialty of sonography. There are several fields you can consider such as breast sonography, abdominal sonography, echocardiography, neurosonology, obstetrics, and gynecology. Usually, ARRT offers certifications for these courses.

Step 7: Apply For A Job

In fast-paced environments, you get multiple patients. Now, depending upon your specialty, you can work in hospitals, outpatient clinics, physician offices, imaging centers, and other medical facilities. You can also practice in a pediatrician’s office to enjoy a relaxed clinical environment. There, you also get to work closely with attending nurses and pediatricians to build a close relationship with patients.

However, you can follow the same procedure to know how to become a cardiac sonographer. In this coursework, you need to complete a cardiac sonographer or echocardiography certificate program. Make sure you even obtain a license to practice as a cardiac sonographer.

Different Types Of Sonographers

In the above section, I’ve explained how to become a qualified sonographer. This medical field allows candidates to pursue additional education and certifications to specialize in a specific area. Therefore, the following are different types of sonographers you must know.

  • Vascular sonographer
  • Ob/GYN sonographer
  • Pediatric cardiac sonographerMusculoskeletal sonographer
  • Neuro sonographer

How Long Does It Take To Become A Sonographer?

Aspiring candidates may take 2 years to become qualified sonographers. Some students take an additional 1-year certificate program for training in other healthcare fields.

Skills Required To Work As A Sonographer

In this profession, technical and physical skills are important. Here, I have listed down a few important skills you have to master to be successful in this career.

  • Ability to operate the equipment.
  • Excellent hand-eye coordination to move equipment on the patient’s body.
  • They must have enough stamina to stand for long periods of time.
  • Must have the ability to lift and move patients if needed.
  • You should be detail-oriented to distinguish between healthy and unhealthy tissues.
  • These professionals must have solid critical thinking skills.
  • They must have a team player attitude for interaction with medical staff.
  • Candidates must be able to work under pressure during emergencies.
  • These people must have the ability to remember and recall large amounts of information.
  • They need to speak, write, and listen neatly.
  • You must be able to monitor your own performance and make corrections when required.

Duties Of A Sonographer

After understanding how to become a sonographer in NY and NC, you must be wondering what are their duties. Sonographers primarily operate ultrasonic equipment and devices to produce patients’ body images. These medical professionals perform the following wide range of tasks.

  • Operate and maintain imaging devices.
  • Reviewing produced images to ensure readability for making diagnoses.
  • These professionals evaluate and identify abnormal imaging results.
  • They must discuss the imaging results with physicians, nurses, and other medical professionals.
  • Being a sonographer, you must assist and prepare patients for imaging procedures.
  • Explain the entire procedure to patients.
  • You must provide emotional support before, during, and after completing the procedure.
  • Performing ultrasounds and imaging on patients to assist in diagnoses, treatments, and other medical needs.
  • These individuals assist radiological technologists in operating X-ray machines and reviewing the results with radiological technologists.

Salary Of A Sonographer

The average salary of a medical sonographer is about $26,859 per year. This value can vary depending on multiple factors. In fact, education level can play a role in a sonographer’s income, where you live, and the place of employment. For example, some states and healthcare facilities pay more than other medical facilities.

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Is Becoming Sonographer Hard?

There is no question sonography school is super tough. The experience tests your intelligence, emotional reserves, perseverance and competence. Many of my peers have told me it’s the single hardest thing they’ve ever done. Even with great coping mechanisms it can push you to the edge of your limits.

Is A Sonographer The Same As An Ultrasound Tech?

Ultrasound technician and medical sonographer are two names for the same job. The terms are used interchangeably to refer to someone who performs an ultrasound (reading of sound waves) and one who produces a sonogram (a photo of sound waves bouncing off the internal parts of the body.)

What Do You Need To Be A Sonographer In California?

It requires 18 months of full-time sequential study. Applicants must have already completed an Associate’s degree in any discipline, and have at least 8 hours job shadow in a sonography or ultrasound department. Graduates are eligible to sit for the ARDMS Sonography Principles and Instrumentation exam.

Is Sonography A Good Career?

The sonography profession is challenging, rewarding, and empowers you to make a difference in the lives of patients. If you are a person who is looking for these facets in your career, then sonography may be the right career for you.

Is There A Lot Of Math In Sonography?

Because of the nature of these courses, solid math and science skills are critical for program success. Algebra is also used in the actual process of sonography. For example, you’ll need to use math to determine the circumference of the abdomen before beginning an ultrasound of the stomach.

How Do I Become A Sonographer In Missouri?

Receiving an Associate of Science Degree in Diagnostic Medical Sonography is required to become an entry level sonographer, while earning a Bachelor’s Degree can make you qualified for higher paying job positions.


By reading the above post, you’ve got to know how to become a medical sonographer in detail. Every medical facility needs a sonographer to perform diagnostic ultrasounds. Becoming a certified sonographer isn’t a tough task if you know the right path. Most students earn an associate degree and then gain clinical experience to obtain certification. You can also apply for a bachelor’s degree to get hands-on practice with clients. Having the ability to interact with patients is a highly important skill you need for this job profile. You can now easily enroll for this coursework after knowing how to become a sonographer.


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